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Human and Sex Trafficking Resources

Trafficking Indicators:


  • Is the victim in possession of identification and travel documents; if not, who has control of the 


  • Was the victim coached on what to say to law enforcement or immigration officials?

  • Was the victim recruited for one purpose and forced to engage in some other job?

  • Is the victim’s salary being garnished to pay off a smuggling fee? 

  • Was the victim forced to perform any type of sexual act(s)?

  • Does the victim have freedom of movement? 

  • Has the victim or family been threatened with harm if the victim attempts escape?

  • Has the victim been threatened with deportation or law enforcement action?

  • Has the victim been harmed or deprived of food, water, sleep, medical care, or other life necessities?

  • Can the victim freely contact friends or family?

  • Is the victim a juvenile engaged in commercial sex?

  • Is the victim allowed to socialize or attend religious services?

Report Suspicious Activity: 1-800-DHS-2-ICE (1-866-347-2423)

Human Trafficking is defined as: 


  • Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not yet attained 18 years of age; or 

  • The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. 

Human Smuggling is defined as:


  • The importation of people into the United States involving deliberate evasion of immigration laws.

  • This offense includes bringing illegal aliens into the United States as well as the unlawful transportation and harboring of aliens already in the United States. 

These are not interchange terms:

•    Smuggling is transportation–based
•    Trafficking is exploitation-based 

Human and Sex Trafficking Resources in Illinois 

National Organizations

•    Polaris Project, 
•    National Human Trafficking Resource Center and Hotline, 
•    Blue Campaign,
•    Shared Hope,

Books to read for additional information and understanding:


  • In Our Backyard: Human Trafficking in America & What We Can Do to Stop It, by Nita Belles

  • Somebody’s Daughter: The Hidden Story of America’s Prostituted Children & the Battle to Save Them, by Julian Sher

  • Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade & How We Can Fight It, by David Batstone

  • Stolen: The True Story of a Sex Trafficking Survivor, by Katrina Rosenblatt

  • Girls Lie Us: Fighting for a World Where Girls Are Not For Sale, A Memoir, by Rachel Lloyd

  • Lived Through This, by Anne K. Ream

  • The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today, by Kevin Bales 

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